China’s Central Bank Fights Back Boosting Yuan from 16-Year Low

china s central bank fights back boosting yuan from 16 year low.jpg Business

In a dramatic rebound, the Chinese yuan rallied from its 16-year low against the dollar on Monday, following the People’s Bank of China’s (PBOC) aggressive intervention to stabilize the beleaguered currency. The central bank’s strategic move yielded a significant 1% surge in the yuan’s value, marking its largest one-day gain since March. This action comes in response to the yuan’s persistent underperformance, which had slumped approximately 5% year-to-date, primarily due to the lackluster post-COVID recovery of the Chinese economy.

The PBOC, in a sternly-worded statement, warned traders against speculative betting on the yuan, vowing to take decisive action to correct one-sided and pro-cyclical market movements. The central bank further committed to maintaining market order and preventing excessive fluctuations in the exchange rate. In addition, it expressed confidence in the yuan’s stability in the upcoming months, despite the currency’s struggle against the dollar and the broader economic challenges facing the Asian powerhouse.

China’s Central Bank Boosts Yuan, Warns Against Market Speculation

The Chinese Yuan, which experienced a slump to a 16-year low against the dollar on Friday, experienced a significant bounce on Monday. This came after the People’s Bank of China (PBOC) intervened to stabilize the embattled currency, which has been struggling amidst a prolonged economic downturn.

PBOC’s Intervention and Warning

In a decisive move, the PBOC issued a stern warning to traders speculating against the Yuan, causing the currency to surge by 1%, marking its largest single-day gain since March. The central bank stressed it wouldn’t hesitate to take action when necessary to correct one-sided and pro-cyclical market movements, address activities that disrupt market order, and to mitigate overshooting risks in the exchange rate.

Propping Up the Struggling Currency

The PBOC also announced its readiness to intervene and correct any major moves in the currency whenever required. The bank expressed confidence in keeping the yuan stable in the forthcoming months. This statement added to Friday’s intervention where the PBOC rolled out measures to prop up the struggling currency. The central bank announced it would reduce the foreign currency deposits that financial institutions are required to hold from 6% to 4%, effective from September 15.

The Struggling Yuan and China’s Economic Headwinds

The yuan has had a tough year against the dollar, dropping about 5% year-to-date, a trend attributed to the failure of China’s post-COVID recovery to materialize. Nevertheless, the PBOC pointed out that the yuan has remained stable against a different basket of currencies, indicating that the dollar’s strength may be overshadowing yuan’s weakness.

China is grappling with a host of economic challenges, including a slump in manufacturing figures, soaring youth unemployment, and a collapsing property sector. Economists have cut their growth expectations for 2023 and 2024, painting a pessimistic outlook for the Asian nation’s economic prospects.


The PBOC’s intervention and stern warning against market speculation are clear indicators of China’s commitment to stabilizing the yuan in midst of the economic downturn. However, the effectiveness of these measures will very much depend on the country’s ability to address its broader economic challenges. The cut in foreign currency deposit requirements for financial institutions is a significant step, but it remains to be seen whether this alone can turn the tide for the struggling currency and the nation’s economy at large.

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